What do the terms asylum, refugee protection and subsidiary protection mean?

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There are three possible options to obtain protection in Germany.

– Asylum (Asyl)

– Refugee protection (Flüchtlingsschutz) or

– Subsidiary protection (subsidiärer Schutz).

You will receive asylum, if you have to leave your home country due to a fear of governmental persecution for reasons of race, nationality, political opinion, religious affiliation or membership of a particular social group.

You will receive refugee protection, if you have to leave your home country due to a fear of non-governmental persecution for reasons of race, nationality, political opinion, religious affiliation or membership of a particular social group.

You will receive subsidiary protection, if you neither obtain asylum nor refugee protection but are threatened with “serious harm” in your country of origin like e.g. due to civil war.